Introduced in 1850, the Liberty Head Double Eagle’s obverse was designed by U.S. Mint Chief Engraver James B. Longacre and features a Greco-Roman style Liberty head, while the reverse depicts a heraldic bald eagle clutching arrows and an olive branch. In 1861, a different reverse was used that was designed by Anthony Paquet, however, it was ultimately discontinued after that year.
In 1866, the motto IN GOD WE TRUST was added to the reverse of the coin and in 1877, the denomination of TWENTY D on the reverse was changed to TWENTY DOLLARS.
- Designer: James B. Longacre
- Issue Dates: 1850 to 1907
- Face Value: $20.00
- Mints: Carson City, Denver, New Orleans, Philadelphia, and San Francisco
Subsets of the Liberty Head Double Eagle
- Type I: 1849 to 1866 (no motto)
- Type II: 1866 to 1876 (motto)
- Type III: 1877 to 1907 (motto)
- Gross Weight: 33.43 g
- Diameter: 34.1 mm
- Composition: 90% gold, 10% copper